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    Tag Archives: Plastic Surgery Atlanta

    Breast augmentation has long been the most popular procedure in plastic surgery as well as being a hugely important step in many gender reassignment cases. In transgender breast augmentation cases the choices of implant types and sizes is exactly the same, with the same beautiful results expected, but there are some points to take in to consideration.

    silicone breast implant

    Typically in male to female transgender cases the patient has broader chest and shoulders that will accommodate larger implants, smaller implants may look too narrow and appear unnatural. As well as a wider chest, nipples will typically be lower on  a male chest than a females so the natural breast crease will often have to be lowered so that the nipple is more centered on the implant.

    Another aspect that is important during consultation is whether the patient is currently using hormone therapy. Patients who have been using hormone therapy will tend to have developed breast tissue and this can be associated with ptosis (or drooping) that would have to be taken in to account when planning the procedure. Many transgender patients are good candidates for trans-axilalry augmentation where the incision is made in the armpit because of the lack of ptosis of the breast tissue.

    Finally it is important for the patient to pay close attention to instructions from their surgeon to allow the implants to ‘drop’ in to a natural position on the chest. Because the pec muscle is generally larger in transgender patients the muscle has a tendency to hold the implant higher on the chest wall, with massage and compression the implant will fall in to a lower and more natural place on the breast.

    For more information on procedures offered by Dr McCluskey and the Plastic Surgery Institute of Atlanta visit

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    Vaginal Rejuvenation Cost – Atlanta

    Vaginal Rejuvenation Cost - AtlantaDr. Paul McCluskey provides the latest plastic surgery procedures in Atlanta, GA, including procedures for women such as labiaplasty, vaginal rejuvenation, and labiaplasty repair. Vaginal rejuvenation usually combines vaginoplasty and labiaplasty to improve a patient’s sexual aesthetics. The cost of the procedure varies according to the individual repair and cosmetic enhancement needs of a patient. Anterior and posterior repair or perineoplasty may cost differently depending on various factors.

    Cost Factors

    The cost of labiaplasty, vaginal rejuvenation, or labiaplasty repair will differ from one practice to another and may even differ between two patients at the same practice. The following factors can influence the overall cost of procedure:

    Practice Location

    The cost of a vaginal aesthetic surgery in Atlanta, GA may differ from the cost of the same procedure in San Francisco, CA. The cost of living usually varies from one geographic region to another, and it may impact the cost of most products and services, including plastic surgery services.

    Surgeon’s Charges

    The plastic surgeon may charge a fee depending on his or her skills, experience and reputation in performing vaginal aesthetic surgery procedures. According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons, patients should choose the right surgeon for their needs, and surgeon’s fee should only be a secondary consideration in making the choice.

    Anesthesia and Operating Room Costs

    Procedures such as labiaplasty, vaginal rejuvenation, and labiaplasty repair are typically performed under general anesthesia. The cost of the anesthesia team can vary according to their experience. A state of the art surgical facility with advanced technologies, resources and experienced support staff may also charge a higher cost compared to an average facility.

    Additional Costs

    Additional expenses such as cost of medical tests, prescription medications, post-op visits to the surgeon’s office and other related costs should also be considered when preparing a cost estimate of vaginal rejuvenation procedure. Small expenditures can add up to form a significant portion of the overall cost of surgery, therefore every expense should be considered carefully.

    Average Cost of Surgery

    An experienced surgeon such as Dr. Paul McCluskey will evaluate the patient’s health condition, previous surgeries and personal aesthetic goals before recommending a vaginal aesthetic surgery. Dr. McCluskey makes sure that his patients in and around Atlanta, GA are made fully aware about various aspects of the procedure as well as its estimated costs so that they are in a position to make an informed decision.

    The average cost of vaginal rejuvenation in the United States may range from $6,000 to $12,000. The actual cost will vary depending on several factors as discussed above. The complexity of the procedure determines the length of surgery, which may impact the overall costs.

    Insurance and Financing

    Vaginal rejuvenation is typically performed as a cosmetic procedure. Therefore, the patient’s health plan may not provide coverage for the costs. However, most patients have the option to get the procedure financed through professional medical care financing companies. This option should be considered well before the procedure. The surgeon’s office may be able to provide guidance or assistance with regarding to insurance and financing.

    For more information on treatments and procedures offered offered by Plastic Surgeon, Dr. Paul McCluskey visit:

    Vaginal Surgery After Pregnancy – Atlanta

    Vaginal surgery has now become a commonplace procedure as more and more women are turning to their plastic surgeons to alter the size and shape of their vagina and surrounding areas. And why must they not? Everybody has the right to look and feel good at all times.

    Many women suffer from physical discomfort due to the size or shape of their vagina and then there are others who are under constant mental agony because they are not happy with the aesthetics that alter mostly due to pregnancy or aging. Vaginal surgery is their chance at mental and physical comfort and an improved self image through labiaplasty or vaginal rejuvenation.

    Distinguished surgeon Dr. Paul McCluskey, M.D., opened the Plastic Surgery Institute of Atlanta just to do that – provide women a professional, compassionate and personalized route to achieving better body image and self esteem.

    What is labiaplasty?

    Plastic surgery procedures done for altering the inner or outer labia (labia minora or labia majora) and the skin folds surrounding vulva are included under the umbrella term  labiaplasty.

    The inner labia often gets torn or stretched out due to age, childbirth or sometimes accidents. Additionally, women who are not happy with the size, shape or color of their labia may have the procedure done to alter its appearance and boost their self confidence.

    Labiaplasty is a fairly standard cosmetic genital surgery procedure and involves surgically removing excess labial tissue to make the labia smaller and more symmetrical. Statistics from the Journal of Sexual Medicine’s 2008 study show that 37% of total women who underwent  labiaplasty that year, did so for aesthetics alone. Another 31% chose to undergo labiaplasty for both functional and aesthetic reasons.

    Later, the journal featured a review in 2011 where the overall satisfaction rate of women with the procedure went in the 90-95% range. This shows an increase in the number of women opting for this surgery.

    What is vaginal rejuvenation?

    Vaginal rejuvenation is essentially an aesthetic vaginal surgery procedure which includes firming up and reshaping the vaginal tissue for its youthful appearance. Vagina often turns slack or loose due to childbirth or aging. The surgery is also satisfying for women who face discomfort due to a large labia or those who wish to increase their sexual pleasure levels.

    Vaginal rejuvenation tightens the vagina by surgically removing the excess vaginal lining. The encircling muscles and tissues are then tightened to restore youthful muscle tone and aesthetics of the vagina. Post the surgery, outcomes vary individually. However most women can return to sexual intercourse after seven days. Women who have had vaginal rejuvenation done report increased physical comfort in addition to improved mental health and self image.

    Care should however be taken to have such vaginal reconstruction surgeries done at the hand of professional surgeons only. Dr. Paul McCluskey repeatedly suggests that surgeries done by professionals reduces complexities and the need for repair surgeries.

    What is labiaplasty repair?

    Botched up labiaplasty surgeries though uncommon when done by a well trusted professional, are still a possibility. The negative experience women face because of the mismanaged surgery is not limited to physical damage to the labia only. Such negative experiences also have psychological and sexual implications.

    Normality can however be restored through labiaplasty repair. Dr. Paul McCluskey begins with conducting a proper evaluation of the aesthetic and functional abnormalities caused by the previous labiaplasty. Every single one of the abnormalities and deformities are then fixed using a range of plastic surgery techniques to help you look and feel good again.

    For more information on treatments and procedures offered offered by Plastic Surgeon, Dr. Paul McCluskey visit:

    Different Kinds of Vaginal Cosmetic Surgeries – Atlanta

    Vaginal Cosmetic Surgeries - AtlantaWomen are very conscious about the way they look. Try telling them that their eyeliner is smudged and they will instantly run towards the mirror to fix it right away. This also indicates the kind of consciousness they might be having for their private parts. That is why you can see increasing number of women not just going for cosmetic surgeries that enhance their skin or face but also their breasts. So how could the vagina stay behind?

    What is labiaplasty?

    Labiaplasty is the plastic surgery performed on the labia, which are the lips that surround the vagina. This surgery can either be performed on the labia major or labia minor. The former are the outer, larger vaginal lips while the latter refers to the smaller, inner ones. This surgery changes the shape or size of labia which helps in correcting their symmetry or making them smaller.

    Labiaplasty involves trimming of the labial tissue surgically. Care needs to be taken to ensure that only the excess part is removed. The incisions are then concealed and the whole procedure can take around one or two hours.

    About vaginal rejuvenation

    Vaginoplasty, on the other hand, is a procedure which tightens the vagina which might have turned loose or slack due to aging or childbirth. Also known as ‘vaginal rejuvenation’, this procedure is rebuilds the muscles of the vagina and tightness them by removing extra vaginal lining. Most women opt for these methods for either aesthetic reasons or for increasing their level of sexual pleasure. But there are also women who undergo these surgeries to get rid of discomfort caused by large labia.

    However, there have been cases when these vaginal surgeries have gone wrong. Fixing them requires the patient to undergo labiaplasty repair. Dr. Paul McCluskey, who founded The Plastic Surgery Institute based in Atlanta, says that it is very important for vaginal surgeries to be performed by professionals to reduce the chances of complications and repair surgeries.

    Undergoing labiaplasty repair

    A labiaplasty repair surgery requires the patient to wait for a minimum of five months before opting for the surgery. This is to ensure that the healing process is not disturbed. During the healing process, new bold supply is restored. This surgery also depends on the level and extent of deformity caused by the previous operation. It can take anywhere around one hour to five hours to complete the surgery, based on the complications.

    For more information on treatments and procedures offered offered by Plastic Surgeon, Dr. Paul McCluskey visit:


    Dr. Paul McCluskey, the founder of The Plastic Surgery Institute of Atlanta, GA, is a trained and experienced plastic surgeon providing a range of cosmetic and reconstructive procedures. In addition to the typical cosmetic surgeries, Dr. McCluskey also specializes in sexual aesthetic procedures for women, including labiaplasty, vaginal rejuvenation and labiaplasty repair surgery.

    These procedures are designed to improve and repair the physical condition of the female genital area to help patients achieve enhanced appearance of the private parts and feel more satisfied with their body. In an age of women empowerment, Dr. McCluskey believes these procedures to improve the aesthetics as well as function of intimate parts are essential to help a patient derive higher satisfaction levels from her vaginal rejuvenation and intimate appearance.

    What is Labiaplasty?

    Dr. McCluskey provides labiaplasty as a cosmetic as well as corrective surgery in Atlanta, GA to achieve a more uniform appearance of the external female genitals. The surgery involves reducing the size of the labia minora. It is clinically difficult to determine how much of the visible tissue at the entrance of the vagina can be termed as “excessive.” It depends on the personal needs of a patient and how she perceives her physical appearance of the private parts, and her desire for vaginal rejuvenation.

    The popularity of labiaplasty as an elective surgery has grown over the years, and now thousands of patients each year choose this procedure to treat the condition of large labia or asymmetrical labia. The treatment involves reducing the size of the labia or reshaping the labia. The results are long-lasting and with a skilled plastic surgeon it is possible to achieve enhanced genitalia appearance as per the patient’s expectations.

    Why Choose Labiaplasty?

    Labiaplasty or labiaplasty repair may become necessary due to several reasons such as aging, pregnancy, disease, or injury. The treatment may be required for aesthetic or function reasons, or sometimes both. In some cases, a patient may need the surgery to improve her sexual experience by removing a part of the skin that covers the clitoris.

    If a patient suffers from discomfort and irritation due to large labia, it is possible to improve the condition with this surgery. Personal hygiene can also improve following this procedure. Feminine genitalia is one of the most essential factors that contributes to sexual femininity. Dr. McCluskey in Atlanta, GA is an expert plastic surgeon for labiaplasty, labiaplasty repair, and vaginal rejuvenation.


    Labiaplasty is usually performed as an outpatient procedure under IV sedation or anesthesia. The surgery involves trimming of the excess labial tissue, while retaining sufficient tissue with laxity and stretch for a natural appearance and satisfying sexual experience. The excess tissue is removed with the help of tiny incisions.

    The surgical excision through well concealed incisions may be followed by additional repairs. The incisions are finally closed with absorbable sutures. The entire procedure may take anywhere between one and two hours, depending on the extent of vaginal rejuvenation required.


    Mild bruising, swelling, and pain is experienced by most patients following labiaplasty. Dr. McCluskey at the Plastic Surgery Institute of Atlanta, GA prescribes pain relieving medications for a few days to ensure patient comfort. Movement may be slightly uncomfortable for the first few days.

    Loose fitting clothes, absorbent pads and ice bags can help manage the discomfort. Regular physical activity can be resumed usually within two weeks, but strenuous exercises should be avoided until the healing is complete. Any external insertions in the vagina should be avoided for at least six weeks.

    Labiaplasty Repair

    Labiaplasty repair is usually required if the earlier labiaplasty surgery has failed to achieve the desired goals. It is important to allow the previous surgery to heal completely, which may take at least five months before a repair or revision surgery can be performed. Sometimes the patient may be anxious to correct the condition in a hurry, or the surgeon may make a mistake of operating too soon, which can cause more complications. The procedure of revision surgery must be performed only by an experienced plastic surgeon with focused expertise in this area.

    If more than require tissue is removed from the labia, it can be difficult to achieve the ideal results or achieve best possible vaginal rejuvenation as desired. Restoration labiaplasty or labiaplasty revision surgery can range widely in terms of duration of the procedure. This will depend on the extent of vaginal deformity and the amount of reconstruction required. Sometimes the procedure may last for as little as an hour, while in severe cases of a failed labiaplasty, the revision surgery may take as many as four to five hours.

    For more information on the procedures and treatments Dr. Paul McClusky performs please visit:


    What is Labiaplasty?

    Labiaplasty (also known as labioplastylabia minora reduction, and labial reduction) is a plastic surgery procedure for altering the labia minora (inner labia) and the labia majora (outer labia), the folds of skin surrounding the human vulva. There are two main categories of women seeking cosmetic genital surgery: those with congenital conditions such as intersex, and those with no underlying condition who wish to alter the appearance of their genitals because they believe they do not fall within a normal range.

    The size, colour, and shape of labia vary significantly, and may change as a result of childbirth, aging and other events. Conditions addressed by labiaplasty includecongenital defects and abnormalities such as vaginal atresia (absent vaginal passage), Müllerian agenesis (malformed uterus and fallopian tubes), intersex conditions (male and female sexual characteristics in a person); and tearing and stretching of the labia minora caused by childbirth, accident and age. In a male-to-female sexual reassignment vaginoplasty for the creation of a neovagina, labiaplasty creates labia where once there were none.

    Atlanta-Labiaplasty-Vaginoplasty-Vaginal Rejuvenation

    What is Vaginoplasty (Vaginal Rejuvenation)?

    Vaginoplasty is a reconstructive plastic surgery and cosmetic procedure for the vaginal canal and its mucous membrane, and of vulvo-vaginal structures that might be absent or damaged because of congenital disease(e.g. vaginal atresia) or because of an acquired cause (e.g. childbirth physical trauma, cancer). As such, the term vaginoplasty generally describes any such cosmetic reconstructive and corrective vaginal surgery, whilst the term neovaginoplasty specifically describes the procedures of either partial or total construction or reconstruction of the vulvo-vaginal complex. Sometimes referred to as “vaginal rejuvenation”, “aesthetic vaginal surgery” or “cosmetic vaginal surgery”, various results aim to strengthen the function of the vulvo-vaginal area, firm up and reshape tissue for youthful appearances. In regular terms, the procedure is essentially a “face lift” for the vulva and vagina.Vaginal rejuvenation is often two combined distinct surgeries of labiaplasty and vaginoplasty, to restore or enhance the vagina’s cosmetic appearance or function. Labiaplasty is a labia reduction and cosmetic enhancement genital surgical procedure to reduce or change the shape of the labia minora (small lips) on the outside of the vagina. Some surgeries are needed for discomfort occurring from chronic labial irritation that develops from tight clothing, sex, sports or other physical activities. Vaginoplasty surgery is done by removing excess vaginal lining and tightening the surrounding soft tissues and muscles. The post-operative outcome of vaginoplasty is variable; it usually allows coitus (sexual intercourse) after a week, although sensation might not always be present. In fertile women, menstruation and fertilization are assured when the uterus and the ovaries have preserved their normal functions; in a few cases, vaginal childbirth is possible.

    Meet Dr. Paul McCluskey

    The founder and head of the Plastic Surgery Institute of Atlanta, Plastic Surgeon, Dr. Paul McCluskey. Dr. McCluskey received a Bachelor of Science degree with Honors from Millsaps College in Jackson, Mississippi. He followed it with a medical degree from the University of Mississippi and completed an internship in Anesthesiology.

    Dr. McCluskey completed a five year residency in General Surgery. As Chief Resident, his breast reconstruction research was published and presented at a local and national level. He was privileged to be chosen for a highly competitive Plastic Surgery residency at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center. In Dallas he trained alongside world-renowned leaders and innovators in the field of cosmetic plastic and reconstructive surgery. Dr McCluskey has been honored for his efforts as a teacher of residents and medical students, and he was a multi-year recipient of Resident of the Year awards.

    For more information on the procedures and treatments Dr. Paul McClusky performs please visit:

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    Tel: 404.255.3555